CENTRE FOR SIGHT AFRICA

Centre- for-Sight- Africa- Top-Reasons-People-Turn-Blind-Before –They- Turn- 65 –Dr-Kingsley- Ogwumu -OD (1)

Top Reasons People Turn Blind Before They Turn 65.

[post_views]

[post_views]

[post_views]

[post_views]

Globally, blindness continues to be a major challenge in
both developing and developed countries. It is estimated that about 285million
people are visually impaired worldwide and the number is growing daily owing to
increasing population and negligent life styles. A blind person is not only a
burden to himself but also to those around him. In this article, we will be
looking at the top reasons people turn blind before they reach 65yrs.

1. Cataract:

Cataract is the clouding of the normal human lens. The human
eye lenses, called crystalline lenses are responsible for focusing the images
we see on our retina. Cataract is the world’s leading cause of blindness,
accounting for 43% of blind people worldwide. One of the causes of cataract is
ageing. As people age, they have an increased chance of developing cataract. By
the time most of us turn 65,we may have some form of clouding in our
crystalline lenses. The good news is that cataract can be treated and the
vision restored. The techniques for treating cataract have improved over the
years. In Nigeria for example, at laser surgery centres, cataract extraction
takes less than 10min.

official statement

2. Glaucoma:

Glaucoma is the most dreaded eye disease because it causes
irreversible loss of sight. It is often called “The silent thief of
sight” because it is symptomless. In developed countries, more than 50% of
the people who have glaucoma are not aware. In developing countries like Nigeria,
more70% of the people who have glaucoma are not aware. As we move towards our
60s, our chances of having glaucoma increases, so also if we have family
members who suffer from the disease. To avoid losing our sight, we should
increase the frequency of eye check ups once we get past the age of 40.Those
who have their eyes examined frequently after age 40 have a reduced chance of
going blind before 65.

3. Age Related Macular Degeneration(AMD):

This is an eye condition that results in progressive loss of
central vision. The onset is usually in older people. It could be early, intermediate
or advance stage. In the advance stage, there is usually total loss of central
vision. Genetics, smoking and age are common risk factors for age related
macular degeneration.AMD is the leading cause of blindness in UK affecting about
4.8million people in the UK. Eye supplements could slow the progression of the
disease in people who already have it.AMD can cause severe vision loss in
people before they turn 65.Treatment for AMD involve anti VEGF injections.

4. Diabetes:

Diabetes diabetic retinopathy is a condition that affects
people with longstanding diabetes. The disease causes damage to the retinal
blood vessels especially in people with uncontrolled or poorly controlled
diabetes. It affects 80% of people who have had diabetes for 20yrs or more. Its
accounts for a significant amount of blindness in people aged between 20 and
60.Making sure the sugar level is controlled in people who are diabetic could
significantly reduce the chance of blindness from diabetic retinopathy before
age 65.

Dr. Kingsley Ogwumu, OD
Senior Consultant Optometrist,
Centre for Sight Africa.

Dr. Kingsley Ogwumu, OD

Senior Consultant Optometrist,
Centre for Sight Africa.

Dr. Kingsley Ogwumu, OD

Senior Consultant Optometrist,
Centre for Sight Africa.

Dr. Kingsley Ogwumu, OD

Senior Consultant Optometrist,
Centre for Sight Africa.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *